Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is a common eye disease associated with aging that gradually destroys sharp, central vision. AMD affects the macula, the part of the eye that allows you to see fine detail.
Dry AMD is the more common form of AMD. It occurs in about 90 percent of people who have the condition. One of the most common early signs of dry AMD is drusen, which are yellow deposits under the retina. They often are found in people over age 60.Other symptoms include
Dry AMD has three stages, and these symptoms may occur in one or both eyes.
Once dry AMD reaches the advanced stage, no form of treatment will prevent loss of vision. However, treatment can delay and possibly prevent intermediate AMD from progressing to the advanced stage, in which vision loss occurs.
Wet AMD (also considered advanced AMD) occurs when abnormal blood vessels behind the retina start to grow under the macula. These new blood vessels tend to be very fragile and often leak blood and fluid. With wet AMD, loss of central vision can occur quickly. It does not have stages like dry AMD. In early stages of wet AMD, straight lines may appear wavy. You may also develop a blind spot that causes the loss of central vision.
Your doctor will recommend tests such as retinal photographs and fluorescein angiographic scans to determine the health of the retina.
You may also have to modify your diet by having you ea dark leafy green vegetables, and low fat, low cholesterol foods. Also, always wear sunglasses with UV protection, don’t smoke and avoid exposure to secondhand smoke.
Wet AMD can be treated with laser surgery, photodynamic therapy, and injections into the eye. None of these treatments are a cure for Wet AMD.
The earliest signs of AMD in the retina can be detected by a retina specialist before you have any vision loss. Those who have had the disease for some time may notice changes in vision that involve symptoms of dry and wet AMD. If you have lost some sight from AMD, the retinal specialists at Advanced Eye Care can help you with low vision services and devices that may help you make the most of your remaining vision.